Print this page
CLJ Pulse Header
Issue #15/2024
11 April 2024

To get the most out of this law bulletin and have full access to judgments and other materials, subscribe today.

New This Week

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

ARBAE'YAH ZAKARIYA v. PP [2024] 4 CLJ 266
HIGH COURT MALAYA, MELAKA
HIGH COURT MALAYA, MELAKA MOHD RADZI ABDUL HAMID J
[CRIMINAL REVISION NO: MA-43-1-01-2024]
31 JANUARY 2024

A child who is detained pending a criminal trial must be accorded with all the protection and assistance, and the detention of a child should only be used as a last resort. It is the duty of the court to apply the Child Act 2001, having in mind the spirit and objective of the law so that the child is accorded with the protection and just treatment that he or she deserves. Placing a child in prison would only expose the child to criminal contamination which will be detrimental to his emotional and moral growth. More so, as in this case, the child, who was faced with a charge of murder, was also suffering from a serious mental condition. In ordering that the child to be detained in prison, although separated from adult prisoners, the Magistrate ought to have anticipated the possible risks to the mental and emotional condition of the child.

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Revision - Application for - Minor charged under s. 300 of Penal Code - Minor suffered serious mental condition - Whether 'child' under s. 2 of Child Act 2001 - Whether entitled to special care, protection, rehabilitation and safeguards - Initial order by Magistrate under s. 342(5) of Criminal Procedure Code ('CPC') for minor to be detained at psychiatry ward - Subsequent order for minor to be remanded in prison but separated from adult prisoners - Whether decision based on medical assessment and expert opinion - Whether child suffering from mental illness should be placed in mental hospital and not prison - Whether fit and proper case to exercise revisionary powers - Child Act 2001, ss. 58(1), (2) , 84, 86(1)(c) & (2)(b)


APPEAL UPDATES

  1. Suhaimi Alias v. PP [2023] CLJU 1313; [2023] 1 LNS 1313 affirming the High Court case of PP v. Suhaimi Alias [Criminal Trial No: 45C-13-12/201]

  2. Ananda Kumar Krishnan v. Tesco Stores (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd [2023] CLJU 1407; [2023] 1 LNS 1407 affirming the High Court case of Ananda Kumar Krishnan v. Ng Chin Tai & Anor; Tesco Stores [2022] CLJU 1420; [2022] 1 LNS 1420

LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2023] CLJU 126

SURIWONG INTERNATIONAL SDN BHD v. MENTERI KEWANGAN, MALAYSIA & ORS

An importer of dutiable goods must make a correct declaration in case of the arrival of goods at the point of import. Any inadvertence, error, or any other reason by the customs failing to detect or impose the duty at the entry point does not absolve the importer from paying for any short-paid duty by virtue of s. 17(1) of the Customs Act 1967. A post-import audit can be conducted by the Director of Customs to detect the correctness of the declaration made by the importer and collect short-paid duty even due to inadvertence, error, or for any other reason or misconstruction on the part of customs.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Certiorari - Challenge against decision of Director of Customs imposing anti-dumping duty and tax vide bill of demand - Challenge against decision of Minister of Finance refusing appeals for remission of duty and tax imposed in bill of demand - Bill of demand issued for unpaid duty for imported goods based on wrong declaration - Whether there was an error in levying duty stated in bill of demand - Whether tax was assessed accordingly pursuant to s. 43 of Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 - Whether there was non-compliance of arts 5(1) and 8 of Federal Constitution - Whether imposition of duty and tax in bill of demand was a breach of applicant's legitimate expectation - Whether there was error in refusing remission of duty - Whether there was breach of natural justice - Whether imposition of duty was proportionate

  • For the applicant - Leong Xin Wen; M/s Kevin & Co
  • For the respondents - Farah Shuhada Ramli; Senior Federal Counsel; Attorney General's Chamber

[2023] CLJU 145

MUHAMAD NIZAM MAN v. TRIBUNAL TUNTUTAN PENGGUNA MALAYSIA & ANOR

An applicant seeking to quash an award of the Consumer Claims Tribunal ('Tribunal') must adduce evidence to substantiate the grounds of his judicial review. In the absence of any evidence to support his serious complaint and documents relating to the proceedings before the Tribunal, his statement remains a bare and unsupported assertion.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Exercise of judicial functions - Judicial review - Application to quash decision of Consumer Claims Tribunal ('Tribunal') - Tribunal allowed claim by car purchaser against used car dealer - Applicant merely tendered award of Tribunal and Puspakom inspection certificate - Absence of any documents relating to proceedings before Tribunal - Grounds not pleaded in statement of judicial review application - Whether grounds of irrationality substantiated by evidence - Whether court was able to determine award of Tribunal was tainted by Wednesbury unreasonableness - Whether additional issue raised via submission to oppose Tribunal's award should be considered

  • For the applicant - Nuruliyana Mohd Radzi; M/s Nurliyana Radzi & Co
  • For the 1st respondent & 2nd respondent - Attorney General Chamber

[2023] CLJU 221

PP v. ABDUL MALIK ROSLI

The absence of the DNA of an accused in the bedroom where the body of the victim was found does not exculpate the accused nor in any way weaken the prosecution's case. The fact remains that if the accused was in the apartment, he could have as easily had the opportunity to commit battery on the victim that had led to his death.

CRIMINAL LAW: Murder - Circumstantial evidence - Victim was found dead in a bedroom of apartment - Victim suffered multiple head injuries - DNA extracted from hair recovered from apartment belonged to accused - Accused was arrested which led to recovery of personal belongings of victim - Whether circumstantial evidence established fact that accused who caused injury to deceased - Whether absence of DNA of accused in bedroom where accused was found could exculpate accused - Whether absence of direct evidence linking accused to a crime could prevent a guilty finding - Whether injuries suffered by deceased had been caused by accused - Whether intent of accused could be inferred from nature of injuries and manner they were inflicted on victim

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Defence - Murder - Denial of intention to kill - Accused alleged he hit accused merely to escape captivity by victim - Accused alleged was forced by victim to involve in carnal relationship - Accused had mobile phone in his possession at all times - Whether injury intended was merely to incapacitate or to kill victim - Whether accused was willing to participate in carnal relationship with victim - Whether testimony of accused raised any reasonable doubt as to his guilt

  • For the prosecution - Hazeelia Muhammad, Sara Afiqah Zulkipli, Norsyazwani Ishak & Husni Fairos Ramly; Deputy Public Prosecutors
  • For the accused - Hanif Hassan; M/s Hanif Hassan & Co

[2023] CLJU 280

PP lwn. SATHEESHKUMAR SONGODO

Bagi pertuduhan di bawah s. 420 Kanun Keseksaan di mana tertuduh dihadapkan dengan pertuduhan bagi kesalahan secara curang mendorong pengadu memasuki urusan pembelian suatu barang yang tidak wujud, pihak pendakwaan perlu membuktikan terlebih dahulu keesahan dokumen-dokumen dalam urusniaga yang didakwa tersebut. Kegagalan membuktikan keesahan dokumen-dokumen tersebut boleh memberi inferens bahawa dokumen-dokumen tersebut adalah rekaan semata-mata.

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap pelepasan dan pembebasan - Kesalahan di bawah s. 420 Kanun Keseksaan - Dakwaan penipuan urusan jual beli barang yang tidak wujud yang menyebabkan pengadu membuat bayaran kepada tertuduh - Pendakwaan bergantung kepada pesanan pembelian yang tidak ditandatangani oleh pengadu dan tertuduh - Sama ada dakwaan pengadu telah dibuktikan dengan keterangan dokumen yang benar - Sama ada elemen dorongan yang curang dan tidak jujur tertuduh telah dibuktikan - Sama ada kelemahan siasatan pegawai siasatan telah merosakkan kes pendakwaan

  • Bagi pihak pendakwa raya/responden - Mohamad Firdaous Mohamed Idris, Timbalan Pendakwa Raya; Kamar Penasihat Undang-Undang Negeri Selangor
  • Bagi pihak perayu - Kohila; T/n Kohi & Associates

[2023] CLJU 331

SHAMSUL AZLAN MAZELAN & YANG LAIN lwn. MOHD NOR HAFIZ MOHD NOOR & YANG LAIN

Suatu kaveat persendirian yang dimasukkan oleh waris-waris pembeli suatu hartanah wajar dikekalkan demi mengekalkan status quo hartanah tersebut sehingga isu berkenaan kewujudan dan kesahan perjanjian jual beli tanah dibicarakan oleh kerana isu-isu yang perlu diputuskan mempunyai kesan langsung terhadap penentuan kepentingan pihak yang memasukkan kaveat.

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Kaveat - Kaveat persendirian - Pembatalan - Kaveat dimasukkan oleh pemilik benefisial sebagai waris pembeli hartanah - Kewujudan dan kesahan perjanjian jual beli dipertikaikan - Sama ada terdapat bukti untuk menunjukkan defendan mempunyai kepentingan kaveat ke atas hartanah - Sama ada kewujudan dan kesahan perjanjian jual beli perlu ditentukan melalui bicara - Sama ada wujud isu-isu serius untuk dibicarakan - Sama ada imbangan kesenangan memerlukan kaveat dikekalkan

  • Bagi pihak plaintif 1-8 - Mohd Zubir Embong; T/n Mohd Zubir Embong & Associates
  • Bagi pihak defendan 1-11 - Mohd Izhar Ahmad Azmi; T/n Zairul Zain & Syed
  • Bagi pihak defendan 12 - Khairul Nizam Abu Bakar, Pejabat Penasihat Undang-Undang Negeri Selangor

CLJ 2024 Volume 4 (Part 1)

In assessing a complaint on the adequacy of compensation in a land acquisition matter, the court is bound to balance the competing interests of all parties involved. The question of adequacy of compensation can only be properly determined according to law if all concerned have had the opportunity to address the reasons, factors or circumstances which are relevant and necessary when computing or calculating the compensation. The opinions of the assessors who attend court and assist the High Court Judge in determining the matter of compensation so as to ensure that it is, at the end of the day, adequate, must thus be made known to the owners and those affected by the compulsory acquisition. Written opinions of the assessors must be provided to all parties; a failure to do so would tantamount to a non-compliance of s. 40C of the Land Acquisition Act 1960.
Tegas Sejati Sdn Bhd v. Pentadbir Tanah Dan Daerah Hulu Langat & Anor And Another Appeal [2024] 4 CLJ 1 [FC]

LAND LAW: Acquisition of land - Award of compensation - Opinion of assessors - Conduct of land reference proceedings - Whether written opinions of assessors form part of proceedings - Whether ought to be made available to parties - Whether assessment of adequacy of compensation ought to balance competing interests of parties involved - Whether there was failure to comply with s. 40C of Land Acquisition Act 1960

LAND LAW: Proceedings - Land reference proceedings - Conduct of - Acquisition of land - Award of compensation - Opinion of assessors - Whether written opinions of assessors form part of proceedings - Whether ought to be made available to parties - Whether assessment of adequacy of compensation ought to balance competing interests of parties involved - Whether there was failure to comply with s. 40C of Land Acquisition Act 1960

 

 

TENGKU MAIMUN TUAN MAT CJ
NALLINI PATHMANATHAN FCJ
MARY LIM FCJ

  • For the appellant - Cecil Abraham, Sunil Abraham & Mohd Irwan Ismail; M/s Cecil Abraham & Partners
  • For the 1st respondent - Salim Soib, Etty Eliany Tesno & Amelia Masran; State Legal Advisor, Selangor
  • For the 2nd respondent - Kok Su Ann, Isabella Cheah Chooi Mun, Nur Afiqah Zainol & Pang Yi Qing; M/s Hisham, Sobri & Kadir

(i) Apa-apa yang membentuk satu 'senjata' tidaklah bergantung pada sifat sah penggunaannya tetapi, berdasarkan kapasiti dan cara penggunaannya, iaitu mendatangkan bahaya atau kecederaan. Dalam kes ini, kerusi plastik yang digunakan untuk menyerang mangsa-mangsa terangkum dalam kategori 'apa-apa senjata' bawah s. 148 Kanun Keseksaan; (ii) Walaupun Hakim Mahkamah Tinggi mempunyai kuasa, di peringkat rayuan, untuk mengakas sabitan dan hukuman untuk satu-satu pertuduhan apabila berpuas hati bahawa fakta kes yang dikemukakan oleh pihak pendakwaan tidak memenuhi inti pati pertuduhan, kuasa semakan tersebut, bawah s. 325 Kanun Tatacara Jenayah, walau bagaimanapun, tidak termasuk meminda seksyen pertuduhan asal menjadi seksyen pertuduhan baharu.
PP lwn. Prakash Rajagopal & Satu Lagi [2024] 4 CLJ 16 [CA]

| |

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Kesalahan - Melakukan rusuhan hingga menyebabkan kecederaan - Tertuduh-tertuduh menyerang mangsa-mangsa dengan kerusi plastik - Mangsa-mangsa mengalami kecederaan luka kecil dan lebam - Sama ada elemen-elemen kesalahan dipenuhi - Sama ada kerusi plastik termasuk dalam definisi 'apa-apa senjata' bawah s. 148 Kanun Keseksaan

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Semakan - Kuasa Mahkamah Tinggi - Rayuan oleh pihak pendakwaan - Tertuduh-tertuduh mengaku salah bawah s. 148 dibaca bersama-sama s. 34 Kanun Keseksaan ('KK') - Kesalahan melakukan rusuhan hingga menyebabkan kecederaan - Mahkamah Majistret menjatuhkan hukuman denda RM2,100, jika gagal bayar tiga bulan penjara - Pihak pendakwaan merayu terhadap keputusan Mahkamah Majistret - Mahkamah Tinggi mengguna pakai kuasa semakan, mengakas sabitan dan hukuman terhadap tertuduh-tertuduh dan menggantikannya dengan sabitan pertuduhan pindaan bawah s. 323 KK - Tertuduh-tertuduh dijatuhkan hukuman denda RM1,500, jika gagal bayar dua bulan penjara - Sama ada Mahkamah Tinggi boleh mengguna pakai kuasa semakan untuk meminda sabitan dalam kes pengakuan bersalah dan menjatuhkan hukuman bawah pindaan tersebut - Kanun Tatacara Jenayah, s. 325

PERKATAAN & ISTILAH: 'apa-apa senjata' - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 148 - Tertuduh-tertuduh melakukan rusuhan dan melakukan serangan menggunakan kerusi plastik - Sama ada kerusi plastik termasuk dalam definisi 'apa-apa senjata' bawah s. 148

HADHARIAH SYED ISMAIL HMR
HASHIM HAMZAH HMR
AZMI ARIFFIN HMR

  • Bagi pihak perayu - Subash Ramasamy & Chee Hui Bing; T/n Chand, Jag & Assocs
  • Bagi pihak responden - Sarulatha Paramavathar, TPR

The granting of citizenship to a child so as to protect the welfare of the child is conditional upon the satisfaction of the criteria for citizenship in accordance with the law, ie, the Federal Constitution. Citizenship is not granted merely to serve the child's welfare.
DDL & Anor v. Pendaftar Besar Kelahiran Dan Kematian Malaysia [2024] 4 CLJ 31 [HC]

|

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Citizenship - Application for - Citizenship by operation of law - Child born to Sri Lankan mother and given up to Malaysian citizen applicants for adoption eight months later - Birth certificate registered applicants as father and mother but child stated as 'non-citizen' - Whether child citizen of Malaysia - Whether acquired citizenship pursuant to art. 14(1)(b) read with s. 1(a) of Part II of Federal Constitution - Whether 'parent' ought to be construed broadly to include adoptive parents - Whether Adoption Act 1952 applicable - Whether criteria for citizenship by operation of law met

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Citizenship - Application for - Citizenship by operation of law - Child born to Sri Lankan mother and given up to Malaysian citizen applicants for adoption eight months later - Birth certificate registered applicants as father and mother but child stated as 'non-citizen' - Whether child citizen of Malaysia - Whether acquired citizenship pursuant to ss. 1(e) and 2(3) of Part II of Second Schedule, read with s. 19B of Part III of Second Schedule to Federal Constitution - Whether child abandoned by biological mother - Whether child acquired citizenship of any country within 12 months from date of birth - Whether criteria for citizenship by operation of law met

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION: 'parent' - Application for citizenship - Child born to Sri Lankan mother and given up to Malaysian citizen applicants for adoption eight months later - Birth certificate registered applicants as father and mother but child stated as 'non-citizen' - Whether acquired citizenship pursuant to art. 14(1)(b) read with s. 1(a) of Part II of Federal Constitution - Whether 'parent' ought to be construed broadly to include adoptive parents

 

MOHD RADZI ABDUL HAMID J

  • For the plaintiffs - Pramod Nambiar; M/s Francis Pereira & Shan
  • For the defendants - Zairani Tugiran; SFC

Section 11 of the Patents Act 1983 provides that an invention is patentable if it is new, involves an inventive step and is industrially applicable. Whether an invention is novel or possesses inventive steps is to be determined by reference to the patent's claims. Further, in construing the claims in a patent, the purposive construction of them is applied to determine infringement or invalidity of a patent.
Kendek Products Sdn Bhd v. DIP Chain Manufacturing Sdn Bhd [2024] 4 CLJ 44 [HC]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Patent - Infringement - Claim - Whether claimant had locus standi to initiate patent infringement proceedings - Right party having locus standi - Whether invention which made inventive improvement - Whether prior art - Whether there was infringement - Patents Act 1983

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Patent - Invalidation - Counterclaim - Whether patent novel - Whether patent lacked inventive step - Whether patent complied with requirements for registration by Patents Regulations 1986 - Whether patent ought to be invalidated - Patents Act 1983

 

 

AZLAN SULAIMAN JC

  • For the plaintiff - Suaran Singh, Chow Xing Hui & Ashwinathan Selvanathan (PIC); M/s Law Partnership
  • For the defendant - Ravin Woodhull & Wong Huei Niang; M/s Huei & Co

Seorang pentadbir harta pusaka mempunyai kepentingan sah dan benefisial dan menggalas kewajipan, kepentingan dan peranan si mati. Oleh itu, pentadbir harta pusaka mempunyai locus standi dari segi undang-undang dan kuasa yang sama dengan si mati dalam apa-apa kausa tindakan peninggalan si mati, untuk menyaman mana-mana pihak.
Mohd Hassan Mat Ariffin lwn. Small Medium Enterprise Development Bank Malaysia Bhd & Satu Lagi [2024] 4 CLJ 77 [HC]

|

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Locus standi - Lelongan awam - Lelongan awam hartanah milik si mati - Pentadbir harta pusaka memfailkan permohonan membatalkan lelongan awam - Sama ada pentadbir harta pusaka mempunyai locus standi memfailkan permohonan

PEWARISAN: Harta pusaka - Pentadbiran - Lelongan awam hartanah milik si mati/harta pusaka - Pentadbir harta pusaka memfailkan permohonan membatalkan lelongan awam - Sama ada pentadbir harta pusaka mempunyai locus standi memfailkan permohonan - Sama ada permohonan pembatalan bermerit - Akta Probet dan Pentadbiran 1959, s. 59

 

ARIK SANUSI YEOP JOHARI PK

  • Bagi pihak plaintif - Zaidi Abdul Hamid; T/n Zaidi & Assocs
  • Bagi pihak defendan pertama - Amelda Md Din & Sitti Salehah Bura Era; T/n Amelda Fuad Abi & Aidil
  • Bagi pihak defendan kedua - Ainul Wardah Shahidan; Penolong Penasihat Undan-Undang Negeri Perlis

In considering the registration and enforcement of a foreign judgment, the principles of Malaysian public policy must always be given prominence. The court should take into consideration the law, Government policy, moral values and all other prevailing relevant factors. The registration and enforcement of a foreign judgment that is against any legal framework or policy must be rejected. Likewise, if the enforcement of the foreign judgment would rewrite fundamental policies already in place or sought to impose the law of the country from where the judgment was obtained, such application must also be rejected.
Motor Insurers’ Bureau Of Singapore v. Pacific & Orient Insurance Co Bhd [2024] 4 CLJ 104 [HC]

|

INSURANCE: Motor insurance - Insurer's liability to satisfy judgment - Claim by Motor Insurers' Bureau of Singapore ('MIB') to recover sum paid to injured pillion rider of motorcycle - MIB obtained judgment in Singapore against Malaysian insurer - Whether insurer in Malaysia liable to repay judgment sum - Whether imposition of mandatory passenger cover in direct conflict with Road Transport Act 1987 ('RTA') - Whether enforcement of Singapore judgment contravenes Malaysian public policy - Whether in direct conflict with legislative framework and policy of RTA

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Judgment - Reciprocal enforcement of judgment - Claim by Motor Insurers' Bureau of Singapore ('MIB') to recover sum paid to injured pillion rider of motorcycle - MIB obtained registration of Singapore judgment against Malaysian insurer - Application to set aside order and registration of Singapore judgment - Whether Malaysian insurer liable to repay judgment sum - Whether in direct conflict with legislative framework and policy of Road Transport Act 1987 - Whether amounts to 'backdoor' imposition of Singapore law on Malaysian motor insurers - Whether registration and enforcement of Singapore judgment contravenes Malaysian public policy - Reciprocal Enforcement of Judgments Act 1958, ss. 4 & 5(1) - Rules of Court 2012, O. 67

 

AHMAD KAMAL MD SHAHID J

  • For the plaintiff - Chong Yee Leong, Kwong Chiew Ee & Cassandra Oh; M/s Rahmat Lim & Partners
  • For the defendant - Dhinesh Bhaskaran & Wong Jia Jing; M/s Shearn Delamore & Co

(i) In cases involving damage to property, the three fundamental questions to be considered by the courts are: (a) whether the damage is reasonably foreseeable; (b) whether there is a relationship of proximity between the claimant and the alleged tortfeasor; and (c) whether it is just, fair and reasonable to impose a duty in such a situation; (ii) The elements to establish the tort of trespass are: (a) there is an act of entering upon the land in the possession of the claimant; (b) the alleged tortfeasor remains upon such land; or (iii) There is the placing or projecting of any object on the land without lawful justification.
Nauran Abdul Majid & Anor v. Jabatan Perkhidmatan Pembentungan Malaysia & Ors [2024] 4 CLJ 127 [HC]

TORT: Trespass - Damages - Claim for - Action by owners of land/claimants against contractor - Contractor appointed by Government to carry out works for project - Contractor entered claimants' land and dug manhole, destroyed trees, caused flooding, abandoned works and did not remove equipment from land - Whether there was trespass - Whether proven that contractor entered land in possession of claimants - Whether contractor remained upon land - Whether proven that contractor placed or projected objects on land without lawful justification

TORT: Negligence - Duty of care - Breach - Action by owners of land/claimants against contractor - Contractor appointed by Government to carry out works for project - Contractor entered claimants' land and dug manhole, destroyed trees, caused flooding, abandoned works and did not remove equipment from land - Whether contractor owed duty of care to claimants - Whether contractor breached duty of care to claimants - Whether claimants suffered damages as result of breach of contractor's duty - Whether damages not too remote

TORT: Damages - Claim for - Claim for damages based on trespass, negligence and breach of duty of care - Action by owners of land/claimants against contractor - Contractor appointed by Government to carry out works for project - Contractor entered claimants' land and dug manhole, destroyed trees, caused flooding, abandoned works and did not remove equipment from land - Whether claimants' claims successfully proven - Whether damages ought to be awarded

 

 

JULIE LACK J

  • For the plaintiffs - Norliza Rasool Khan, Janice & Deyvinah Ganesalingam; M/s Liza Khan & Chambers
  • For the 2nd defendant - R Kengadharan; M/s R Kengadharan & Co

Hasrat Parlimen apabila menggubal s. 402B Kanun Tatacara Jenayah, berkaitan pengemukaan penyata bertulis sebagai keterangan di mahkamah, adalah untuk memastikan kes-kes jenayah boleh diselesaikan segera dan memastikan agar kes-kes tersebut tidak tertunggak untuk tempoh yang lama. Walau bagaimanapun, bukan niat Parlimen untuk pengemukaan penyata saksi di mahkamah bersifat mandatori. Hakim mahkamah rendah boleh menggunakan budi bicara untuk menerima masuk penyata saksi sebagai keterangan atau sebaliknya.
PP lwn. Muhammad Syukri Ishak & Yang Lain [2024] 4 CLJ 156 [HC]

|

BIDANG KUASA: Mahkamah Tinggi - Rujukan dari mahkamah rendah - Bantahan oleh tertuduh-tertuduh terhadap penyata bertulis saksi pendakwaan - Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen Khas ('HMS') memutuskan keterangan saksi diberi secara lisan dan penyata saksi dirujuk sebagai panduan - Sama ada pengemukaan penyata saksi bersifat mandatori - Sama ada penerimaan penyata saksi tertakluk pada budi bicara HMS - Sama ada perbicaraan melalui keterangan lisan saksi menjejaskan tatacara perbicaraan adil - Sama ada kuasa semakan wajar dilaksanakan - Kanun Tatacara Jenayah, ss. 323, 325, 402B

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Semakan - Kuasa semakan Hakim Mahkamah Tinggi - Rujukan dari mahkamah rendah - Bantahan oleh tertuduh-tertuduh terhadap penyata bertulis saksi pendakwaan - Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen Khas ('HMS') memutuskan keterangan saksi diberi secara lisan dan penyata saksi dirujuk sebagai panduan - Sama ada pengemukaan penyata saksi bersifat mandatori - Sama ada penerimaan penyata saksi tertakluk pada budi bicara HMS - Sama ada perbicaraan melalui keterangan lisan saksi menjejaskan tatacara perbicaraan adil - Sama ada kuasa semakan wajar dilaksanakan - Kanun Tatacara Jenayah, ss. 323, 325, 402B

 

FATHIYAH IDRIS PK

  • Bagi pihak pemohon - Nor Azura Zulkiflee & Afiqa Liyana Rozman; TPR
  • Bagi pihak responden - Ang Chun Pun; T/n CP Ang & Company
  • Ashok Athimulan; T/n Athimulan & Co
  • Naran Singh; T/n Naran Singh & Co
  • Norasyikin Zakaria & Muhd Hafiz Zainol Abidin; T/n Asyikin & Co

ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. SAFEGUARDING SUCCESS: WHY JUNIOR LAWYERS' WELLBEING IS CRUCIAL+ [Read excerpt]
    by Desi Vlahos [2024] CLJU(A) xxix

  2. [2024] CLJU(A) xxix
    logo
    AUSTRALIA

    SAFEGUARDING SUCCESS: WHY JUNIOR LAWYERS' WELLBEING IS CRUCIAL+

    by
    Desi Vlahos

    Nurturing junior talent is the key to organisational prosperity and cultivating legal excellence. Desi Vlahos, a commissioner of the International Bar Association's newly established Professional Wellbeing Commission, examines the vital role of junior lawyer wellbeing in sustainable succession.

    Law firms globally are struggling to attract and retain talent. Technology, employee appetite for change and challenge, and the gradual internationalising of law are disrupting not only how lawyers practice but the future of their practices. In the wake of the pandemic, the manifestation of these changes can be seen in the accepted norm of flexible work, greater desire for work-life balance and the growing disenchantment with the intrusive nature of legal practice. Not only has this resulted in more younger lawyers leaving private practice, but it highlights the need for a shift in ambition if firms are going to be sustainable let alone flourish.

    . . .

    +Published with kind permission of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory. See Ethos No. 269 Spring 2023.

  3. THE BEATLES AND THE LAW* [Read excerpt]
    by Justice David Foxton [2024] CLJU(A) xxx

  4. [2024] CLJU(A) xxx
    logo
    ENGLAND

    THE BEATLES AND THE LAW*

    by
    Justice David Foxton

    Introduction

    It is my great pleasure this evening to be speaking to you about two of the great passions of my life. Those who live and work in this city will need no reminding of the incredible mus'ical, cultural and social phenomenon which 1960s' Liverpool spawned. However, I hope you will not mind me beginning with a recent personal experience of the Beatles' enduring global legacy. This is a picture my eldest daughter, sent to me at the start of her summer holiday, posing with concrete facsimiles of the Fab Four in somewhere called "Beatles Square". The "Beatles Square" in question is in Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia. I am not sure why Paul is shown separately from the others. Perhaps they still subscribe to the late 1960s "Paul is dead" conspiracy there. Or are depicting the fall out over Allen Klein's management – of which more later.

    . . .

    *A Talk to the Liverpool Business and Property Courts Forum, The Brett Lecture Theatre, Yoko Ono Lennon Centre, University of Liverpool (16 October 2023). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales <https://www.judiciary.uk/speech-by-mr-justice-foxton-the-beatles-and-the-law/>.

LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealed Superseded
ACT 852 Control of Smoking Products For Public Health Act 2024 Not Yet In Force - -
ACT 851 Finance (No. 2) Act 2023 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; the Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 35; the Stamp Act 1949 [Act 378] see s 51; the Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 71; the Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 79; the Entertainments Duty Act 1953 [Act 103] see s 87; the Customs Act 1967 [Act 235] see s 89; the Excise Act 1976 [Act 176] see s 91; the Goods Vehicle Levy Act 1983 [Act 294] see s 93; the Windfall Profit Levy Act 1998 [Act 592] see s 95; the Tourism Tax Act 2017 [Act 791] see s 97; the Sales Tax Act 2018 [Act 806] see s 110; the Service Tax Act 2018 [Act 807] see s 126 and the Departure Levy Act 2019 [Act 813] see s 141 - -
ACT 850 Public Finance and Fiscal Responsibility Act 2023 1 January 2024 [PU(B) 584/2023] except s 37 and 38 - -
ACT 849 The Titular Superior of The Brothers of Saint Gabriel (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Revised-2023) 17 October 2023 2023 Date appointed for coming into operation of this revised edition pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 October 2023; First enacted in 1957 as Ordinance No 21 of 1957 - -
ACT 848 Fees (Department of Broadcasting Malaysia) (Validation) Act 2023 28 July 2023 - -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1702 Food (Amendment) Act 2024 Not Yet In Force ACT 281
ACT A1701 Companies (Amendment) Act 2024 1 April 2024 [PU(B) 118/2024] except s 4, 14, 26 and 28 ACT 777
ACT A1700 Trade Unions (Amendment) Act 2024 Not Yet In Force ACT 262
ACT A1699 Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Air Negara (Amendment) Act 2023 1 February 2024 [PU(B) 44/2024] ACT 654
ACT A1698 Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia (Amendment) Act 2023 15 January 2024 [PU(B) 18/2024] ACT 533

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 98/2024 Road Transport (Prohibition of Use of Road) (Federal Roads) (No. 5) Order 2024 2 April 2024 8 April 2024 ACT 333
PU(A) 97/2024 Dangerous Drugs (Amendment of First Schedule) Order 2024 2 April 2024 3 April 2024 ACT 234
PU(A) 96/2024 Malaysian Rubber Board (Incorporation) (CESS) (Rubber Products Under The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement For Trans-Pacific Partnership) Order 2024 1 April 2024 29 November 2022 ACT 551
PU(A) 95/2024 Competition (Block Exemption For Vessel Sharing Agreements In Respect of Liner Shipping Services Through Transportation by Sea) Order 2024 1 April 2024 7 July 2022 to 6 July 2025 ACT 712
PU(A) 94/2024 Postal Services (Compounding of Offences) Regulations 2024 29 March 2024 1 April 2024 ACT 741

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 138/2024 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose 5 April 2024 6 April 2024 ACT 828
PU(B) 137/2024 Notification of Value of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 4 April 2024 5 April 2024 to 18 April 2024 ACT 235
PU(B) 136/2024 Notification Under Subregulation 3(3) For The Purpose of By-Election For The Seat of The Legislative Assembly N.06 Kuala Kubu Baharu In The State of Selangor 4 April 2024 5 April 2024 PU(A) 185/2003
PU(B) 135/2024 Notification Under Paragraph 3(1)(e) 4 April 2024 5 April 2024 PU(A) 185/2003
PU(B) 134/2024 Notice To Hold By-Election of A Member of The Legislative Assembly of The State of Selangor For The Constituency of N.06 Kuala Kubu Baharu 4 April 2024 5 April 2024 PU(A) 386/1981

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 234 Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 (Revised 1980) PU(A) 97/2024 3 April 2024 First Schedule
AKTA 777 Akta Syarikat 2016 AKTA A1701 1 April 2024 [PU(B) 118/2024] kecuali s. 4, 14, 26 dan 28 s. 2, Penggal baharu 8A (s. 60A - 60E), s. 152, 258, 264 dan 365 - 368, seksyen baharu 368A - 368D, seksyen baharu 369A - 369D, seksyen baharu 398A, s. 403, 406 dan 411, seksyen baharu 415A, Penggal baharu 9 (s. 430A), s. 433, 536, 562 dan 567, seksyen baharu 573A, s. 582, s. 613, Jadual Kesembilan A baharu dan Kecualian
ACT 777 Companies Act 2016 ACT A1701 1 April 2024 [PU(B) 118/2024] except s. 4, 14, 26 and 28 s. 2, new Division 8A (s. 60A - 60E), s. 152, 258, 264 and 365 - 368, new s. 368A - 368D, new s. 369A - 369D, new s. 398A, s. 403, 406 and 411, new s. 415A, new Division 9 (s. 430A), s. 433, 536, 562 and 567, new s. 573A, s. 582, s. 613, new Ninth A Schedule and Saving
LN 170/1959 Motor Vehicles (Construction and Use) Rules 1959 PU(A) 88/2024 19 March 2024 Rules 2, 8, 9A, 9B, 10, 11, 11A, 15A, 24, 24B, 28, 29, 34, 34A, 34B, 36, 39, 89, 93B, 94, 101A, 121A and 138; Second Schedule, Third Schedule and New Schedules; Saving provisions
PU(A) 122/2023 Customs (Prohibition of Exports) Order 2023 PU(A) 87/2024 1 May 2024 Second Schedule and Third Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 159/2022 Perintah Komunikasi Dan Multimedia (Pelantikan Pengerusi Tribunal Rayuan) 2022 PU(A) 85/2024 13 Mac 2024
PU(A) 159/2022 Communications and Multimedia (Appointment of Chairman of the Appeal Tribunal) Order 2022 PU(A) 85/2024 13 March 2024
PU(A) 103/2016 Medical Device (Exemption) Order 2016 PU(A) 78/2024 6 March 2024
PU(A) 332/2010 Water Services Industry (Rates For Water Supply Services) (State of Kedah) Regulations 2010 PU(A) 33/2024 1 February 2024
PU(A) 290/2022 Perintah Duti Eksais (Penyediaan Pracampuran) (Bayaran) 2022 PU(A) 12/2024 1 Mac 2024

Copyright © CLJ Legal Network Sdn Bhd To unsubscribe click here